Around 75 pro-life organizations in Latin America and Europe support Costa Rica in a lawsuit filed against the country before the Inter-American Human Rights Court over its ban of in-vitro fertilization.
“Costa Rica has the right to protect the life of human embryos by rejecting in vitro fertilization techniques, which in themselves cause embryonic destruction and/or loss,” the groups said in a letter to the court.
In their statement, the organizations explained their position on the lawsuit, noting that Costa Rica’s ban on in vitro fertilization is based on a ruling by the Constitutional Court of Costa Rica that found that the procedure subjects embryos to an excessive risk of death.
They also pointed out that the American Convention on Human Rights recognizes “the right to life of the unborn in broad, non-restrictive way, 'from the moment of conception.'”
They also noted that courts in numerous countries of Latin America, such as Peru, cited the American Convention on Human Rights in rulings on the morning-after pill.
“Convention on the Rights of Children allows Costa Rica to protect the lives of human embryos created through in vitro fertilization or other techniques of artificial procreation that threaten their lives or wellbeing,” the organizations said.
The called on the Inter-American court to “apply the American Convention on Human rights and the Convention on the Rights of Children, taking into account that both treaties protect the life of human embryos in an explicit way.”
Both treaties “allow Costa Rica to protect human embryos through the prohibition of in vitro fertilization in its national territory.”